Physiological Differences Between Males And Females

2327 Words Nov 28th, 2014 10 Pages
Gender
Physiological Differences;
There are a number of differences between a how the bodies of both genders are constructed anatomically, some of which will stand out right away, along with others which are more detailed. It’s also really down to the perspective of each gender, since these differences may either help them or hinder them, if they are in a suitable situation for them, and if they are in a sport that they need to perform that suits them.
The most immediate difference is in the ratio of muscle mass to fat mass between males and females. On average, the fat percentage for males is lower than that of females, as the table below demonstrates.
Type of body Tissue Male (%) Female (%)
Muscle 45 36
12 12 12
Storage Fat 12 12
Essential Fat 3 15
Other Tissue 25 25
Total 100% 100%

However, we can also see that, in a reversal of roles, that males possess a higher quantity of muscle mass. This is due to the fact that males naturally produce a higher amount of the hormone known as testosterone, even though it can still be produced by the females. Testosterone is a hormone that not only helps both muscle growth and development (or repair), but also helps develop a male’s sexual characteristics.
VO2 Max
An untrained male will generally have and average VO2 max of 3.5 litres in a minute. For females, they don’t have as big a VO2 max, but is still a substantial 43% lower, at 2 litres per minute. The implications for this with regard to sports performance are big as it means…
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