Physiological Measurements

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Danielle Fuller Unit 335 CA Physiological measurements OUTCOME 1: Describe current legislation, national guidelines, organisational policies and protocols affecting work practice. When taking physiological measurements you have to take into account of the standard precautions. Bullet pointed below are some of the legalisations that relate to taking physiological measurements. Confidentiality * It is important to think about confidentiality when taking a patients physiological measurements because by law patients notes and details have to be kept private. Health & Safety Act 1974 * It is important to have knowledge of the health & safety at work act 1974, because this outlines your responsibilities as an employee, some…show more content…
A normal blood pressure reading should be between 80-89 for the diastolic reading. A diastolic reading of the blood pressure being higher than 90 would be considered hypertension. A diastolic blood pressure reading below 80 is considered hypotension. OUTCOME 2: Explain the principles of body temperature to include: * Body temperature maintenance * Normal body temperature * Pyrexia, hyper-pyrexia and hypothermia What is body temperature? In order to maintain a healthy body temperature, the heat produced with in the body or absorbed from the environment must be balanced from the heat lost from the body. A normal body temperature is measured at 37 degrees. Sometimes when your body temperature drops below 37 hypothermia can occur, which is most commonly due to cold weather. When your body temperature rises above 37 it could be due to the environment which is called hyperthermia. If your temperature rises above the normal body temperature and which is not due to the environment it could be caused by an internal infection or fever, this is called pyrexia. OUTCOME 2: explain the principles of respiratory rates to include: * Normal respiratory rates * Factors affecting respiratory rates in ill and well individuals A normal respiratory rate is between 12 & 20 breaths per minute, this can be recorded manually by using a clock. If you respiratory rate drops below the normal measurements
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