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Piaget And Vygotsky 's Theories

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Comparing Piaget and Vygotsky Bruner (2015) discusses a time of great change in the world of psychology in Germany, America, and in Britain through contributions of several “new heroes [that] were much more holistic, much less reductionist…the worldwide major figures in the field of developmental psychology were now Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget”. Lourenço (2012) reiterated the importance of Piaget and Vygotsky as two influential developmental psychologists and added that “their contributions to developmental psychology, albeit different, are similarly remarkable and unique”. With examination and gained understanding of both, paired with consideration of differences and similarities, this paper reveals Piaget and Vygotsky’s theories as complementary in nature.
A Brief Summary of Learning Theories Jean Piaget’s cognitive development theory required insight into definition and structure prior to comparison with Vygotsky’s. Cherry (2015) outlined Piaget’s learning theory as consisting of four clearly-defined stages for cognitive development from birth through adolescence: sensorimotor stage (birth to age 2), pre-operational stage (age 2 through age 7), concrete operational stage (age 7 to age 11), and formal operational stage (adolescence to adulthood). According to Piaget, children learn from their environment through self-discovery. The main locus of control for Piagetian theory was centered on the individual, and development began within. “Creation of knowledge and
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