Piaget Cognitive Theory

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Piaget’s Theory used in Mathematics Today Piaget took an interest in children’s cognitive development and came up with his theory of Cognitive Development; the Cognitive Development theory consists of the four stages: Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational, and Formal Operational (Ghazi & Ullah, 2016, pg. 1). Jean Piaget’s cognitive theory has a wide array of effects on children’s learning in mathematics that are applicable to teaching today. Teachers today use different strategies and teaching methods based on what stage children are in. I will discuss each of the stages and how teachers use them in math today. The first stage is the sensorimotor stage, which takes place between the age of zero to two, and is where children understand perception and awareness of the environment through physical actions and the manipulation of objects (Ghazi & Ullah, 2016, pg. 1). In the sensorimotor stage, the most important thing to understand is the idea of object permanence and understanding that even when the child cannot see the object they are still able to find it. Also, in this stage they begin to associate numbers with objects and they understand counting. In order to enhance a child’s math basis teachers are giving activities that include counting. Asking question like “Who has more?” and “Are there enough?”, start the foundation for young children to not only understand these things in the classroom but even more so in the real-world. Another way teachers enhance
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