Piaget and Vygotsky

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Cognitive development is interpreted as the gradual orderly development of thinking, understanding and reasoning processes from birth to maturity. The aim of primary school is to build the knowledge and the skills children need to have for further cognitive development. Therefore, the constant development of coginition is very important to young children, because it gives them the basic understanding towards themselves and the world. As a result, in order to assist and support children’s early cognitive development, teachers apply the ideas of educational theorists such as Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky in teaching.

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Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are two of the most influential
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Furthermore, in mathematical center, it involved large numbers, it equipped children with numeracy, logical thinking and problem solving skills. In learning center, all children’s motor skills have developed, especially for Down’s syndrome child Hilly, her fine motor skills has developed through finger painting. For children who are into game making by using blocks, their thinking process become more organized and strategic.

In conclusion, most of children are in preoperational stage, but heading to concrete operational stage, they gradual gain more logical thinking skills and reversibility through game making, discovering and problem solving. Nevertheless, Troy and Tim are likely functioning in concrete operational stage. Troy and Tim both have more logical and organized thinking process than others, since Troy can solve math problems and Tim made a skateboard from the heater. A singing center would be more helpful towards children’s literacy and pragmatics skills through sing nursery rhymes.

In order to help children’s cognitive development, the application of Piaget and Vygotsky theories are highly positive and critical. As Woolfolk and Margetts (2010) mentioned, teachers can extend children’s knowlegde by using children’s disequilibration as the motivation. The use of cultural tools in classroom can also benefit children, because they

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