Piaget vs. Vygotsky

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The theory of cognitive development is defined as the development of the ability to think and reason. There are many theorists who have studied cognitive theories and the most famous is Jean Piaget. Cognitive development covers the physical and emotional stages of a child. The basic premise for cognitive development is to show the different stages of the development of a child so you can understand where the child might be in their development. Understanding cognitive development will better prepare the teacher when it comes to dealing with children and how to handle situations. The way children learn and mentally grow plays a central role in their learning process and abilities. When the teacher knows about the development of…show more content…
The second aspect of his cognitive development is the Zone of Proximal Development. Vygotsky 's idea of a zone of proximal development is the second aspect of his cognitive theory. A zone of proximal development describes tasks that children have not learned but are capable of learning. The zone of proximal development contains things that children may not be able to do alone at the time, but are on the verge of achieving with some assistance. He believes that learning takes place during the Zone of Proximal Development. Vygotsky felt it was important to work within the zone proximal development to achieve maximum learning. Another aspect is Scaffolding, which means providing a child with a great deal of support during the early stages of development. Scaffolding involves the final piece of Vygotsky’s cognitive development theory. Teachers will be applying both Piaget’s and Vugptsky’s theories on cognitive development. When it comes to Piaget’s theory a kindergarten teacher would focus more on how the children are developing and not how the final outcome will be. If the children are given a finger painting assignment you will want to see how they handle paints and what they are doing. Teachers will also need to provide learning opportunities that will help them development in each stage. When you are teaching about shapes
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