Piaget's Theory Of Constructivism Theory

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CONTENT SECTION/SUMMARY:
1. CONSTRUCTIVISM
The Constructivism theory is based on an individual’s own real life experience. Learning is self-directed which means that each individual creates their own solutions differently. Constructivism supports a wide variety of solutions. It encourages students to become active participants in the problem-solving process.
2. PIAGET’S THEORY
According to Jean Piaget, children’s cognitive development occurs in four (4) stages:
1. Sensorimotor stage (birth-2 years old) –the senses are appealed to in this stage. Students learn through the sense of sight, therefore learning must be authentic. They need to feel rough, smooth surfaces example in kindergarten. 2. Pre-operational stage (ages 2-7) – Children use symbols and objects in playing. They are unable to perform specific tasks since they are not fully developed. This stage involves both egocentrism and conservation. Egocentrism states that children are unable to view a situation from another person’s perspective whereas; conservation is a child’s inability to
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According to this theory, we learn by conditioning which means that learning occurs because of our repeated actions (doing something over and over). Learning takes place either through reward or punishment. We learn through stimulus or actions. Therefore, learning takes the form of reward, reinforcement and punishment. Rewards reinforce positive behaviours whereas punishment is used to prevent unacceptable behaviour. Behaviourism theory is teacher centred whereby the teacher is active and the students are passive. This theory focuses on observable behaviours. This means if you want to know what children know, you must observe them. Both Classical and Operant conditioning have emerged from this theory. Firstly, conditioning is when you put two things together and repeat it to get
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