Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development Essays

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Jean Piaget (1896-1980) was a Swiss psychologist who had a lifelong interest in how individuals, especially children, use cognitive development to adapt to the world around them. Piaget published his first paper by the age of 10, completed his bachelor’s degree by the age of 18, and at the age of 22 received his PhD from the University of Neuchatel. Piaget spent many years of his life researching the developmental and cognitive knowledge of children. The Theory of Cognitive Development places focus on human intelligence and developmental thinking. “Influenced by his background in biology, Piaget (1950) viewed intelligence as a process that helps an organism adapt to its environment” (Rider and Sigelman, 2006, p.41). At an early age, …show more content…
Sub-stage I occur between birth and six weeks of age and mainly focus on reflex development. Piaget describes three primary reflexes. They include; sucking, eye movement by following an object, and palmer grasping. Sub-stage II occurs from six weeks to four months of age and focuses on the development of habits. For example, if a child thinks something is pleasing or fascinating, odds are they are going to do it again. Sub-stage III places focus on infants from four to nine months of age. Stage III mainly focuses on hand eye coordination and object concept. “Object concept is the understanding of what an object is, including recognition that an object has properties that can stimulate all of you senses, and that an object continues to exist even when we do not perceive it” (Broderick & Blewitt, 2009, g-10). An example of this would be if an infant wants something they will continue to grasp at the air until their hand reaches the desired object. Sub-stage IV occurs between the ages of nine and twelve months and involves a child’s secondary circular reactions. According to Piaget, this sub stage is an extremely critical stage of development. Sub-stage V occurs focuses on infants between twelve and eighteen months. In this stage children find ways to adapt to new challenges they will face. Sub-stage VI marks the passage from the Sensorimoter stage to the Preoperational stage and puts focus on a child’s try
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