Pictorial History of Prosthetics

653 Words Feb 24th, 2018 3 Pages
Many of the artists were also actors or stunt men who learnt the craft by applying their own make up for film and theatre. Compared to today’s materials used to make prosthetics, many of the materials they used were very basic as they used spirit gum, fish skin, cotton, gelatin, greasepaints, collodion, cheesecloth, clay, Fullers Earth, various putties, pastes and wax and latex. The first documented prosthetic was in the 1909 book “The Art of Theater Make up” by Cavendish Morton, who when transforming himself into the character Falstaff used silk attached to a wig, nose paste, spirit gum, crepe hair and greasepaints. By the 1920’s Lon Chaney was recognised for his ingenuity of make-up and was known as “The Man of a Thousand Faces” as he had the ability to change his appearance into any character he was portraying. For example when in the film The Phantom of the Opera he used wire to widen his nostrils and pull his nose back and completed the horrifying character by wearing jagged false teeth and clever use of shading to give the impression of a skull like face. He also changed his complete face when playing the role of Quasimodo in The Hunchback of Notre Dame, as he created the twisted face by using false teeth, nose putty on his cheeks and a false eye.

In 1932, Jack Pierce turned…
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