Pierre Bourdieu 's Reproduction Theory

Decent Essays
1. Introduction
Social inequality as an issue is not a contemporary phenomenon; neither is limited to certain geographies. Indeed, the question of inequality is one of the most prolonged quests of human-kind. Over history, depends upon the dominant mode of distribution and redistribution of re-sources, different explanation has given to this issue. Inequality as a bilateral phenomenon, however, is not admitted as an issue by everybody. It serves the dominant, whereas the domi-nated is the losing party, and it is not so hard to see which party overpopulates the other. What is peculiar, nevertheless, is that why there is not any powerful resistance and collective conscious recognition from the dominated party to prevent further reproduction of this domi-nation and social hierarchy. This question is the busyness of Pierre Bourdieu’s reproduction theory.

He sees the answer in the structure of institutions and their processes that make groups and individuals to compete with each other to gain a greater chunk of resources, and by doing so, a self-perpetuating hierarchy of domination has been reproduced. Bourdieu calls these arenas as the field of struggle. The way individuals and group behave in the fields of struggle are mainly determined by there’s rule of game, and the habitus of the participants, as well as the amount of their capital.

Bourdieu argues that any given form of stable domination, to exercise its power, needs certain amount of legitimation as well as forces.
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