Pioneers in Management

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1. Frederick W. Taylor -Father of Scientific Management

2. Elton Mayo - Father of Human Relations

3. Steven Covey - Principle-Centered Leadership

4. Henri Fayol - Father of the 14 Principle of Mgt.

5. Peter Drucker - Father of Management and formulated the Concept of Mgt. by Objectives (MBO)

6. Fritz J. Roethlisberger - Father of Human Behavior and formulated the “X” Chart

7. Max Weber - Father of Bureaucratic

8. Mary Parker Follet - Formulated the Principle of
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However, the factory system brought new problems for owners, managers, and society. Four management pioneers proposed solutions for coping with the pressures of the new large-scale industrial organizations. They were Robert Owens, Charles Babbage, Andrew Ure, and Charles Dupin.


Robert Owens (1771–1858) was a successful Scottish entrepreneur and a utopian socialist who sowed the first seeds of concern for the workers. He was repulsed by the working conditions and poor treatment of the workers in the factories across Scotland. Owen became a reformer. He reduced the use of child labor and used moral persuasion rather than corporal punishment in his factories. He chided his fellow factory owners for treating their equipment better than they treated their workers.
Owen deplored the evils of the division of labor and in his ideal system believed each man would do a number of different jobs switching easily from one job to another. Additionally, Owen hated the modern factory system, so he decided to revolutionize it. In 1813 he proposed a factory bill to prohibit employment of children under the age of ten and to limit hours for all children to 10 1 /2 hours per day with no night work. The bill became law six years later, but was limited to cotton mills, reduced the age limit to nine, and included no provision for inspections; therefore, the law had little impact.
Feeling frustrated in his attempts to reform Britain, Owen traveled to America
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