Planning And Design Of Airport Infrastructure

1349 WordsApr 6, 20166 Pages
1. Introduction 1.1 Aim The continuous advancements in technology and demand have made the planning and design of airport infrastructure extremely complex. With the uncertainties involved in the air industry, a flexible approach for the future needs to be implemented. New projects in airports have no guarantee to be successful because of a range of factors. Unpredictable demand and increasing availability of alternative modes of transport go a long way in explaining this uncertainty. Airport projects are also susceptible to fluctuations in the economy, which can heavily impact on the level of projects an airport will undertake. These uncertainties mean an approach which takes them into consideration is important. The aim of this study…show more content…
1.2 A Brief History of Airport Infrastructure On December 17, 1903, Orville Wright piloted the first engine powered airplane. Over a century later, nobody could have envisaged how important this ground-breaking achievement would become to the world as we know it today. The first airstrips were in essence grassy fields, slight improvements were made when dirt only strips were introduced and this helped to reduce the drag produced from the grass. However, these were still not practical as they could only be used in ideal weather conditions (dry). This led to the introduction of concrete surfaces which permitted landings and take offs in all weather conditions (World, 2014). World War I stimulated an increase in air traffic leading to the creation of organised landing fields. These were set up so that airplanes had to approach from specific directions to make use of the best wind conditions, resulting in the improvement in aids for guiding the approach and landing slope. Following the First World War, a number of military air bases were developed into commercial facilities for dealing with passenger traffic. The first official permanent airport exclusively for commercial flying was constructed in Konigsberg, Germany. (World, 2014). Major cities around Europe such as London and Paris closely followed suit. These airports used
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