Planning, Leading, And Controlling

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As all we know, management is about reaching organizational goals. In order to help managers to respond to the challenge of creative problem solving, principles of management have long been categorized into the four major functions of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. Before making a biblical approach of these functions I would like to talk a little bit about them. According to the book, planning is defined as "the management function of systematically making decisions about the goals and activities that an individual, a group, a work unit, or the overall organization will pursue" (p. 13). I would like to add to this definition that planning involves determining a course of action for achieving those objectives. Planning…show more content…
Strategic planning has a long time frame, often three years or more. Strategic planning generally includes the entire organization and includes formulation of objectives. Strategic planning is often based on the organization’s mission, which is its fundamental reason for existence. An organization’s top management most often conducts strategic planning. Tactical planning which is "a set of procedures for translating broad strategic goals and plans into specific goals and plans that are relevant to a distinct portion of the organization, such as a functional area like marketing" (p. 126). Middle-level managers often engage in tactical planning. And finally, operational planning which the book defines as "the process of identifying the specific procedures and processes required at lower levels of the organization" (p. 126). This type of planning generally assumes the existence of organization wide or subunit goals and objectives and specifies ways to achieve them. Operational planning is short-range (less than a year) planning that is designed to develop specific action steps that support the strategic and tactical plans. It was really difficult to find someone in the Bible who has excelled in this area, especially because I am not a habitual reader of the Bible. But after a long reading I could find a verse that works perfectly. I am not sure
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