Plato And Aristotle 's Philosophy

983 Words Sep 24th, 2015 4 Pages
Greek philosophers such as, Plato and Aristotle, searched to answer one fundamental question, “How should a person live in order to achieve eudaimonia or happiness?” How each philosopher came about to reach this happiness is very different however. Plato looked to a world beyond the world one might experience today and Aristotle took a more observational approach to the things that can be experienced and observed.
Plato was an influential philosopher in his time. He believed that the highest social virtue was that to act morally in any disposition. Plato believed that one achieved arête, or virtue, one must act rationally and morally. The basis of being virtuous is in human nature, therefore, by being virtuous to begin with we will fall to act virtuously and do what is right and wrong. He applied this philosophy to that of society and politics as well, beginning with the virtue of justice, which was also rooted in humans nature.
He made his case in a hierarchical scheme of power of the ruler, auxiliaries, and the economic class. The rulers obviously ruled all and the auxiliaries carried out any task the rulers wanted through force. Everything ran smoothly when the powers were in check flowing, from the highest stemming down to the economic class. Chaos and riots would however be inevitable if power were to be disrupted by any sort, such as the economic class wanting more power than the auxiliaries and so forth. Justice lead to a harmonic relation between classes and the same…
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