Plato And Aristotle 's Views On The Greek Philosophy

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Ruiheng Jiang HU 201 Professor Stoehr 9/28/2015 Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, the three original thinkers and intelligent teachers of ancient Greece, together made the Greek philosophy reach its highest state and also opened up a new world of western philosophy and culture. Among three of them, Socrates was the very first one who appeared in history, and was the very first teacher and spreader of ancient Greek philosophy. His entire life was a legend that he had numbers of followers and students. However, unlike Plato and Aristotle, this great man did not leave any writings at all. Fortunately, Plato, as one of Socrates’ most faithful students, organized most of his dialogues and lectures after his death. Among these writings, Euthyphro and Apology had great influences on the temporary Athens city. In these two writings, Socrates did not only challenge the justice of the ancient Athens city, but also raised the question upon the definition of piety. Socrates rejected Euthyphro 's distinction between attends to the gods and attends to people and claimed his own understanding of the relationship between piety and justice. Socrates believed that piety is a part of justice, which specifically is the part attends to the gods. In the first place, he did not believe that an Athenian’ duty toward the gods should be regarded and taken as something that is separate from his/her duty toward other people. On the antithesis, according to the gods’ will, Socrates believed the only true
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