Plato And The Philosophical World

1965 WordsOct 4, 20158 Pages
It could be said that Plato is one of the most talked about philosophers of our time. He has been discussed for thousands of years, and will likely continue to be discussed for many more to come. One of Plato’s greatest known contributions to the philosophical world was his explanation of, and emphasis on, dualism. Dualism, according to Plato, is the constant battle between the body and the soul – the relentless fight between physical pleasure and intellectual reason. Plato believed that the body was simply a prison that confined the soul and, primarily, prevented it from searching for reason and, ultimately, the Good life. He strongly assumed that the reality in which the body accepted was simply an illusion, and only through intellect, education, reasoning, and wisdom of the highest calibre would the soul be freed from the body, and the individual would then be allowed to understand and experience the true reality of the Good life. Plato believed there was more to life than what he perceived in the “reality” in which he lived. Due to his need to question the bigger things in life, Plato focused on the explanations of reality by Heraclitus and Parmenides. Heraclitus believed that reality was a cycle of change and that change, in and of itself, was unchanging. Parmenides, on the other hand, believed that the reality of being is perfect and complete, and therefore cannot change. After studying Heraclitus’ and Parmenides’ beliefs about reality, and considering that both of
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