Plato

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In Plato’s Apology, Socrates believes that to be good, you should strive to find out why and how things are the way they are. When his childhood friend visited an oracle and asked if anyone was wiser than Socrates, the oracle said there wasn’t. In doing this, he demonstrates that you should not just accept what you see or hear at face value, rather, you should investigate further to understand why. It does you no good to not be able to explain it. If you cannot explain it, you could say that you might not even know it at all. So he went around and talked to many politicians and craftsmen who were supposedly wise (the definition of wise used here being something along the lines of “knowing a lot of stuff”), but after speaking with them,…show more content…
Another difference is that Plato believes that the best type of good is one that is desirable both in itself and for the sake of its results, while Aristotle says that if X is desired because it brings you to Y, then Y is ultimately better than X. Therefore, the highest good is one that isn’t desirable because it leads to anything else, but instead is good in its own right. So essentially, Aristotle believes that to be a good/virtuous person, you must strive to work towards being better at whatever you do, getting better by experience, and the closer you get to being amazing at whatever it is, the closer you’ll be to achieving the thing that the first thing you did led to, and so on and so forth until you (ideally) meet the good that is called good just because it is good. You can still be considered a good/virtuous person just by being on the path to “goodness”, simply because you are in the process of making habits out of the good things you are doing for the right reasons. Plato believes that to be a good person, you must always try to gain knowledge through arguments and reason, and only when you know a good deal about something, can you begin your journey towards the
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