Plato: Immortality of the Soul

1505 Words Apr 15th, 2013 7 Pages
PHAEDO: IMMORTALITY OF SOUL
In the dialogue Phaedo Plato discusses the immortality of the soul. He presents four different arguments to prove the fact that although the body of the human perishes after death; the soul still exists and remains eternal. Firstly, he explains the Argument from Opposites that is about the forms and their existence in opposite forms. His second argument is Theory of Recollection which assumes that each and every information that one has in his/her mind is related to information and plays an important role in remembering. While trying to convince his readers, Plato proposes another argument claiming that the soul and the body are different forms. While the body is visible and mortal, the soul is invisible and
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Therefore, Plato suggests that soul is immortal and does not vanish away with death and it is a living entity. In order to broaden his listener’s perspective on immortality of the soul, Plato guides his listeners in grasping that there are two kinds of existences: visible and invisible. He tries to demonstrate the fact that when the body is visible and mortal, the soul belongs to invisible category. Therefore, when one dies, the visible part of the body vanishes away, while the soul preserves its existence. Lastly, Plato uses his Theory of Forms which proposes that every quality has to participate in a form in order to exist. Plato believes that the soul exists in Form of Life which enables it to become alive and immortal. That is, Plato associates soul with life pointing out its immortality one more time.
Plato finishes the dialogue by showing that Socrates has no fear of death since his soul will exist after death. Plato does not perceive death as an end but a new beginning. He finishes by showing Socrates’ commitment to his own ideas. In this dialogue, Plato proves Socrates’ loyalty to his own ideas.
While trying to prove the immortality of the soul, Plato proposes many arguments. While questioning it, some of his arguments fall short of persuasion. Firstly, it is important to realize why Plato believes in immortality of the soul. It seems that since philosophers do not give much
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