Plato Essay

1982 Words8 Pages
Justice as a scale
A. Introduction
Can Plato's theory of individual justice, after 2,500 years, still provide an explanation of what is going on in the minds of today's human beings?
After an explanation of Plato’s theory of individual justice, I will try in a second step to support its plausibility with a few examples; then I will state objections against his theory and further give counterarguments to prove Plato’s theory to be consistent and plausible. The last part provides the conclusion.
B. Plato's theory of individual justice put to the test
I. Plato's theory of individual justice
Plato's theory of individual justice is based on his construction of an “ideal city” that holds civic justice via an
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Furthermore, “the spirited part is a third element in the soul that is by nature the helper of the rational part”; and it must be different from the first, as “even in small children, one can see that they are full of spirit right from birth”; it is “the part that is angry without calculation”. Individual justice is the embracing and ordering virtue that steadies the struggling tripartite. “One who is just does not allow any part of himself to do the work of another part. … He binds together those parts and any others there may be in between, and from having been many things he becomes entirely one, moderate and harmonious”.
II. Plausibility and Critical Evaluation
In my point of view, Plato’s theory of individual justice is a consistent way to explain what both the virtue of justice is and what its functions are. I agree with his idea of the tripartite conception of the soul as well as the idea that individual justice brings harmony to those parts. Therefore it is a good model. It might be that more than three parts exist, which have to be scaled, but that doesn’t change the function of individual justice at all.
III. Reasoning
In this part I am going to stabilize Plato’s theory of individual justice in a first step. After that, I will try to scatter the theory with four objections, each of them will be followed by several counterarguments.

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