Plato and Aristotle´s Philosophy of Perfecting Society

1975 WordsJan 29, 20188 Pages
Both Plato and Aristotle have an extensive idea on who should rule a state, they both had an idea on how to improve existing societies during their lifetimes. Plato’s main argument on why philosophers were fit to be rulers was because they had better education. This aspect was based on four virtues which are wisdom, courage, moderation and justice. Justice has to do with harmony that results when everyone is actively engaged in fulfilling his role and does not meddle with that of others. Plato sought to cure the afflictions of both human society and human personality, which creates the conclusion that every citizen in a society has a functional roles to fulfill, including the guardians which is the logical reason to rule because they are deemed fit. Plato’s utopia consists of three distinct hereditary class system. The guardian; ruling and non ruling guardians, The non rulers; civil servants and society’s policy makers, Auxiliaries; soldiers and minor civil servants. Aristotle, unlike Plato, he is not concerned with perfecting society. All he wants to achieve is improving the existing one. He wants the society to reach the best possible system that could be attainable through the many ruling. This essay will argue the fact that both philosophers; Plato and Aristotle have different political view. It will transcend on Plato’s view of the wise and the few ruling; it will transcend on Aristotle’s view of the many to rule the affairs of a state. In book IV of The Republic

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