Plato 's Allegory Of The Cave

1814 Words Oct 19th, 2016 8 Pages
In Plato’s, “Allegory of the Cave”, a key theory I found was the importance of gaining knowledge. Plato uses an “allegory to illustrate the dilemma facing the psyche in the ascent to knowledge of the imperishable and unchanging forms” (Fiero, 104). Based on my research of the Republic, the allegory can reveal multiple hidden messages. Plato describes in the Allegory, ordinary mortals who are chained within an underground chamber, which according to Fiero, represents the psyche imprisoned within the human body. These mortals can’t look sideways, but rather only straight ahead. On top of this, they also can’t leave the cave. These prisoners are facing a cave wall that they can only see shadows reflecting from a fire of what they imagine are men. These mortals have been in this cave since childhood, which makes them believe the shadows themselves are the men, not a shadow of an actual man. Again, according to Fiero, the light, represents true knowledge, and the shadows on the walls of the cave represent the imperfect and perishable imitations of the forms that occupy the world of the senses.
Plato introduces the Theory of Knowledge, which asserts the existence of a two level reality, the first constantly changing particulars available to our senses, the other existing of unchanging eternal truths understood by way of the intellect. According to Bettrand Russel, “when we have asked ourselves seriously whether we really know anything at all, we are naturally led into an…

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