Plato 's Laws And Xenophon 's Hiero

1365 Words Sep 26th, 2015 6 Pages
Practically in all his discourses, Plato wrote about the works of Socrates that acted as the main persona in his confabs. In Plato’s laws and Xenophon’s Hiero, a further wise man other than Socrates acted as the leader of the discourse. While having protagonist confabs in Plato’s and Xenophon’s works, Socrates tries to interrogate understanding of the further man on the aspect of morality. Socrates presented himself as a less knowledgeable person in the domain of moral issues to confuse the other person who boasts of being more knowledgeable on the same. Using this ironical approach –known as the Socratic Irony -, Socrates was able to illustrate inconsistency of the other person’s views on morality. Although the early and middle works of Plato are considered as Socratic dialogue, understanding the composition and chronology of Plato’s work is a bit complex since even the ancient sources do not present these works chronologically. Plato’s work basically involved posing questions and answers as a way of stimulating critical thinking. Defender of a particular point of view would be questioned, and then one of the parties would contradict himself in order to confuse his counterpart and in doing so, the defender would be made weak. Socrates discourses revolved around traditions, justice, afterlife and education. In light to this, this paper will unravel Socrates accounts balance Aristophanes’ and Xenophon’s on afterlife, justice and law, education and traditional practices. In…

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