Plato 's Republic And Other Philosophers

1409 Words Oct 13th, 2015 6 Pages
Samuel Elenwo
HSCI 3013

A brief disputation on Plato’s Republic and other philosophers in comparison to the purpose of Mathematics As the Greek empire began to spread its sphere of influence into Asia and beyond, the Greeks were smart enough to adopt and adapt useful elements from the societies they conquered. This was as true of their mathematics as anything else, and they adopted elements of mathematics from both the Babylonians and the Egyptians. But they soon started to make important contributions in their own right and, for the first time, we can acknowledge contributions by individuals. Most of Greek mathematics was based on geometry. Although usually remembered today as a philosopher, Plato was also one of ancient Greece’s most important patrons of mathematics. Inspired by Pythagoras, he founded his Academy in Athens in 387 BCE, where he stressed mathematics as a way of understanding more about reality. In particular, he was convinced that geometry was the key to unlocking the secrets of the universe. By the 3rd Century BCE, in the wake of the conquests of Alexander the Great, mathematical breakthroughs were also beginning to be made on the edges of the Greek Hellenistic empire. Alexandria in Egypt became a great centre of learning under the beneficent rule of the Ptolemy’s, and its famous Library soon gained a reputation to rival that of the Athenian Academy. The patrons of the Library were arguably the first professional scientists, paid for their…
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