Plato 's Theory Of Money Essay

2652 Words Nov 29th, 2016 11 Pages
This paper will argue that money is problematic to Plato largely because his ideal city Kallipolis is filled with virtuous leaders and citizens living in harmony and unity. When money is involved, Plato believes that it is human nature for even the most virtuous leader to lack the will to resist the temptation. Plato discusses the five different types of regimes and constitutions people can live under, Aristocracy, Timocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy and Tyranny. As regimes shift into the next, virtue decreases and corruption in the state arises. When obtaining wealth and acquiring private property is a motivating factor for humans, people start making self-interested decisions; choosing to take part in politics and fighting in wars for personal gains, and not for the benefit of the whole. When education and training is not the priority from an early age, citizens become lazy and there is a divide in the city between the rich and the poor. Plato goes to great lengths to ensure that the city is just by abolishing private property and creating the noble lie.
What is justice?
Plato starts the Republic with dialogue between Socartes and Cephalus on what the benefits are of having money (330d). Cephalus believes that the greatest good money has done for him is allowing him to pay off his debts, and preventing him from having to cheat or deceive others, money has ultimately allowed him to remain just (331b,c). That means Cephalus’s definition of justice is “speaking the truth and…

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