Plato 's View On Morality And Justice

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Plato’s Republic proposes a number of intriguing theories, ranging from his contemporary view of ethics to political idealism. It is because of Plato’s emerging interpretations that philosophers still refer to Plato’s definitions of moral philosophy as a standard. Plato’s possibly most argued concept could be said to be the analogy between city and soul in Book IV, partially due to his expansive analysis of justice and the role justice plays in an “ideal city,” which has some key flaws. Despite these flawed assumptions that my essay will point out, Plato’s exposition on ethics is still relevant for scholars and academics to study, due to his interpretive view on morality and justice.

Socrates attempts to formulate a definition of the word, “moderation,” to investigate how the virtue of moderation comes into play with the human soul. Socrate’s elucidates how moderation is often perceived as “the mastery of certain kinds of pleasures and desires,” and explore how the controller of the weak and strong are both the same person. Consequently Socrates ridicules the word, “self-control.” Just as Thrasymachus argues in Book I that justice is, “the advantage of the stronger,” and whether the people who are actually ruling are those best suited to rule, Plato’s argument also seems to revolve around this concept, as the reader questions whether there is a part of the soul which is naturally suited to rule. To further consider this notion, Socrates discusses how a “master of
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