Plato’S Euthyphro. Questions About Morality Are At The

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Plato’s Euthyphro Questions about morality are at the very center of heated debates and discussions surrounding the topic of religion. This theme, the potential interlinking between religion and morality, is explored by Plato in his work Euthyphro. The foundational question that Plato asks is how is something determined to be good or moral: through independent reasoning or by divine prescription. I believe that the only rational position to take on the issue is to conclude that morality must be separate from religion. This position, however, spawns many questions about what role religion does have in life. Ultimately, I believe that having an independent morality standard does change the way religion is used, but religion is still an…show more content…
But Socrates is not interested in this specific case but more generally what is categorized as holy or unholy. Euthyphro finally gives Socrates an answer by saying “what is agreeable to the god is holy, and what is not agreeable to them is unholy.” This answer leads to an important point that Aristotle makes in his attempt to undermine Euthyphro’s argument. Socrates takes Euthyphro’s answer as to what is generally holy and unholy and tests the theory to a world of quarrelling gods to expose the inadequacy of morality based on religion. Socrates simply summarizes Euthyphro’s response as “A thing or person loved-by-the-gods is holy, whereas something or someone hated-by-the-gods is unholy.” But Socrates is curious about circumstances where the gods might disagree and by what means can a thing or person be both loved and hated by the gods leading to the establishment of a thing as both holy and unholy. This would by definition render the entire generalized argument of Euthyphro wrong. Socrates walks Euthyphro through the various reason why the gods have a good reason to disagree given their own nature and the nature of beings in general. This is an important point for the times that Plato is living given a predominant focus on a polytheistic world, but I would argue it still has implications for monotheistic believers in the modern world. Modern day Christians have to contend with two other very
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