Platonic Justice

2152 Words9 Pages
JUSTÝCE FOR ALL Plato, who began his philosophical career as a student of the Socrates, is in the pursuit of showing the weaknesses of where he lived-Athens-. He attacks ‘the democracy of Athens' which found in the degenerated conditions and he came to propose construction of an ideal society in which justice symbolizes the virtuous, since Plato believed justice is there to be the prescription for the evils. He used the Greek word "Dikaisyne" for justice which refers the work ‘morality' or ‘righteousness'. The English word justice and the Greek word ‘Dikaisyne' capture imperfectness when explaining the same concept because the Greek one implies both law-abiding behaviours and institutions, and virtues of people…show more content…
According to this, some have gold mixed into their souls, others silver, the rest bronze and iron. Hence, ‘their place in the city reflects their nature crafted by god rather than historical or man-made separation.'(Pappas,1995:71). He wants to base class distinction on ability rather than wealth or birth. He differentiates the society into subgroups: guardians, auxiliaries, and the rest of society; respectively the men of reason, of the honor, and of the appetite. Corresponding to these three elements in human nature there are three classes in the social organism-Philosopher class or the ruling class; auxiliaries, a class of warriors and defenders of the country; and the appetite instinct of the community which consists of farmers, artisans and so forth. With the guardians-philosopher king-, who have been identified by prolonged scrutiny to be lovers of wisdom, the balance of pleasure in the soul, weighs on reasoning and philosophical activity which is in part their work as statesmen. One of them elected as the philosopher king who is accepted as the most virtuous and could attain ‘the Truth' after the long process of education regarding the cultivation of personality. It is also a necessity that philosopher king have to be endowed with ‘good personality', in the first place. Indeed, Plato suggests that the Guardians would deal much more with on philosophizing instead of performing the requirements of statesmen. In the
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