Platos ' Account Of The Soul

2636 Words Nov 21st, 2014 11 Pages
PLATOS’ ACCOUNT OF THE IMMORTAILITY OF THE SOUL
AND THE THEORY OF THE FORMS IN THE PHAEDO

Luke Stock
PHIL 2006 X0
Professor Anna Wilks
November 21, 2014
Word count:

Plato gives an account of the relationship between his conception of the soul and the theory of the forms in the Socratic dialogue Phaedo. He rejects the established view that the soul is contingent on the body and is extinguished upon death and offers four defences for the notion of the immortality of the soul. From the observation that all things come to be from their opposites Socrates establishes that life follows death and that the soul must have existed before death. He then proposes that learning is actually a process of recollecting what we previously had knowledge of, this knowledge must have been possessed before birth, but then forgotten, again implying that the soul must have existed before birth. Socrates then draws a distinction draws between that which is immaterial, imperceptible and immortal and that which is material, perceptible and immortal. He argues that the body is like the former while the soul is of the second category, with each possessing the features of the things they bear affinity to, and thus the soul must be immortal and survive death. His final argument posits the causal nature of the Forms in relation to those things which participate in them. Socrates argues that the soul, through its very definition, participates in the Form of Life and thus must never…
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