Plato's Belief that the Human Soul is Immortal

1297 WordsJun 21, 20186 Pages
The Nicene Creed appointed the roles of trinity by using the familiar triad set forth by Plato. God maintains His position as the Father and most important; Jesus becomes a divine human - born of the Father and the Holy Spirit; and the Holy Spirit brings knowledge and truths which are set forth by both the Father and Son. “The true foundation upon which the doctrine rests is God himself… it is God as he acted in history, entering our world as a Jewish carpenter named Jesus, dying and rising again to save. It is God as he acted in history at Pentecost, descending as the Spirit to share life with the Christian church.” Thus the Trinity Doctrine was born out of Plato’s triad. The Goodness is God; the ideas are Jesus; and the World-Spirit is…show more content…
The good souls were directed to heaven; the others to the underworld. Plato describes this place of heaven as one of joyous reunions that contained “beautiful sights.” The underworld, on the other hand, is quite the opposite. Plato describes the souls whom are sent here are in constant punishment. He writes, “For each in turn of the unjust things they had done and for each in turn of the people they had wronged, they paid the penalty ten times over, once in every century of their journey. Since a century is roughly the length of a human life, this means that they paid a tenfold penalty for each injustice.” This reward/penalty system is why Plato stressed the idea that every human should live their lives in according to what the Good and the Forms dictated. By adhering to the truths that these Forms revealed, the immortal soul will be rewarded by being sent to paradise. Unjust souls are forced to repent their deeds for an indeterminate amount of time. This is the ultimate philosophy in order to enforce social order - a philosophy that Christianity adopts into its doctrine. Again, in the Old Testament there is little mention of the soul going to either Heaven or Hell. The Old Testament refers to Heaven as the dwelling of God. In Psalms 11:4, it states, “The Lord is in his holy temple; the Lord’s throne is in heaven.” The Old Testament describes Heaven as the realm of God, which is in a separate world than which humans dwell. Nowhere
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