Plato's Concept of the Body and Soul Distinction Essay

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Plato's Concept of the Body and Soul Distinction

A:Plato believed that humans could be broken down into 3 parts: the body, the mind and the soul. The body is the physical part of the body that is only concerned with the material world, and through which we are able to experience the world we live in. it wants to experience self-gratification. It is mortal, and when it dies, it is truly dead. The mind is directed towards the heavenly realm of Ideas, and is immortal. It is with our minds that we are able to understand the eternal world of the Forms. When it 'dies' it returns to the realm of Ideas. The soul is the driving force of the body, that it is what gives us our identity.

Plato likens
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The body and the inclinations are mortal but transmigrate into animals, but the intellect is immortal. He believes that the intellect represents the most divine part of the soul, and so after death it leaves the inferior physical body to join the world of Ideas.

B: Plato's dualism was a combination of the key ideas from both Materialism and Idealism. His theory that we had both a physical body, and a soul/mind and that the soul/mind is a thinking being, complete in itself, and capable of living without the body.

A strength of Plato's Dualism is that it says there is more to living than just what we are always aware of, as just because the physical world seems hard, there are other ways of living.

Another strength is that he doesn't deny the existence of the physical world as an idealist might, but just says that the physical world isn't as importance, that we should be seeking to understand the world of Forms. Neither does he deny the spiritual world, and says that its important, so if we can understand the world of Ideas then we can understand Good.

Aristotle, Plato's pupil, was one of the sources of his greatest opposition. He argues that Plato's definition of the soul is wrong, that it isn't immortal, but rather it is just the life force of the body. Ergo, when the body dies, so does the soul.

One of Plato's claims is that the body doesn't

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