Essay Plato's Symposium

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Plato's Symposium

Plato's metaphor of the divided line is essentially two worlds; the world of opinion (the physical world or the world of becoming/existence) and the world of knowledge (the world of knowledge or the world of being/essence). This concept is key to the context of The Symposium:
Love. It is important to note that as the speeches evolve throughout this particular work they parallel this concept. Plato has, in this writer's opinion, reinforced his theory through the speaker's by outlining the journey from the world of becoming (Phaedrus' speech) to the world of being (Diotima's speech). This being so, Diotima and Socrates (the forms) will be the key focus for which all previous speakers will ascend each
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He introduces Heavenly Aphrodite (heavenly love), which this writer believes equates with homosexual love, and Common Aphrodite (common love), which would be equivalent to heterosexual love. Common love according to his view is one that is based on sensuality and produces children. Heavenly love is based on companionship and involves mental and soul oriented pursuits. He places a great deal of emphasis on virtue. He goes on to say that heavenly love is good and only becomes ugly if a lover's motive is exploitation. Pausanias has brought out one of Diotima's major points, the idea of duality in love, although he is not as thorough. His overall outlook seems to be mainly homosexual, yet recognizes heterosexual love. Next, Eryximachus speaks. He compliments Pausanias on his explanation of the dual nature of love and argues that there should be a balance between the two. He elaborates on that by saying both types are required for a peaceful existence; one can not exist with out the other.
He uses an analogy that equates love with an ailment. It can be removed or implanted. Basically he alludes to a bond or bridge between the two types of love which Diotima expands on.

Aristophanes finally gets rid of his hiccups. He attempts to explain love by introducing a myth in which Zeus splits three types
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