Plato’s View of Division of Labor in Plato’s Republic Essay

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Plato’s view of division of labour is divided into three types of peoples’ task in life which are workers as farmers, military type and guardians. Actually, the ruling task of Plato’s Republic is the guardian’s responsible who had achieved the greatest wisdom or knowledge of good. Due to that, Plato claims that “philosopher must become kings or those now who called kings must genuinely and adequately philosophise’’ (Nussbaum1998, p.18). However, people argue about the reasons that the philosopher should rule the city, while the philosophers prefer to gain knowledge instead of power, thus they don’t seek this authority. Therefore, the argument should alter to why the philosophers are the best ruler to govern people. Indeed, Plato states…show more content…
So Plato’s idea portrays that we somehow have an idea of the basic form of the Blueness as it applies to us. Plato introduced a ship of state which describes the philosopher’s king position (Thomas & Smith, 2009). This concept shows that there are masses who are busy fighting over what is the right way to govern the ship which is basic on listening to the true navigator who is representing the true philosopher. As long as, the purity of thought is leading society to the true philosophers those philosophers will have a variety of qualities to uniting people such as quick learning and justice. According to Plato, the characteristics of a true philosopher have to be ascertained. The characteristics are a good memory, graciousness, justice, courage and temperance. Moreover, philosophers have to love the truth, so they never reach into their minds a falsehood. Plato states that the gods of jealousy himself is drawn towards knowledge and expatriate all the pleasure of the soul. By these qualities, philosophers can have magnificence of mind and wisdom which helps them to rule the city state (Nussbaum, 1998). At the end, Plato draws the philosopher king education system with five stages of study to earn the skills and characteristic. A primary stage is during age 18 with two years physical training. The second stage is ten years of mathematics studying, because Plato believes the Form cannot be fully understood unless they are tied with scores of the
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