Police Departments : Police And Problem Oriented Policing

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To start off, there are trends and techniques that police departments implement in order to minimize crime as much as possible. The two most common techniques used by police officers are community-oriented police and problem-oriented policing. This paper will describe the both methods and highlight the pros and cons of each. In continuation, community oriented policing is defined as, Community policing is a philosophy that promotes organizational strategies, which support the systematic use of partnerships and problem solving techniques, to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues, such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime.” (Scheider, pg.1 2008). One might say that the main aspect of community policing is the partnerships that police departments have to create in order to ensure the efficiency of this strategy; officers of our community cannot do it alone. Yes, there are positives aspects of this strategy as well as negative ones. As just stated, officers cannot increase awareness of crime, safety issues and disorder alone, so the constructive side of community policing is bringing everyone together such as residents and local businesses to decrease possible misconduct. On the other hand, being too close can also be a downfall to community policing. That is said because, partnerships created can possibly take advantage of the police force and vice versa with officers abusing power. Also, according to Gianakis (1998),

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