Police Professionalism And Police Officers

1376 Words Oct 19th, 2016 6 Pages
In the early 1900’s police professionalism was formed. Until then there was much corruption and police departments were unprofessional. Influenced by police departments in Europe, America underwent a progressive reform in their police departments. The first step towards police professionalism was to replace police boards with chiefs of police. During the progressive era, August Vollmer, Police Chief of Berkley, established a department code of ethics which included officers not accepting gratuities and favors; any officer doing so would be subjected to penalties or a dismissal. During this time formal training through police academies was started in 1908. In 1916, we start to see policemen acquiring a college education. University of California, Berkley had a police training school set up by Vollmer. Presently Vollmer’s standards of scientific policing, education, high standards and centralization of police services still influence police departments.
President Johnson assembled a commission in 1965 to study rising crime rates and create strategies to combat crime. Riots were the main reason this commission came about. The report published in 1967, entitled The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society, contained over 200 recommendations concerning criminal justice reform (Roth, 2011). According to Roth (2011) police departments had become isolated from the communities. Chapter 4 of the report addresses issues dealing with the police. The commission recommended more police on…
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