Policy Analysis : Social Learning And Instrumental Learning

801 Words4 Pages
Policy Analysis May (1992) harmonizes with Majone and Wildavsky (1984) on the fact that policy learning is desired for policy debate as analysis. Based on the information provided by Majone and Wildavsky (1984), the process of policy analysis should lead to a more sophisticated comprehension of public policies. Founding on this, public administrators can learn through engaging in the policy analysis and use this information to influence and inform future policies. May (1992) elucidates that there are two forms of policy learning: social learning and instrumental learning. Social learning pertains to lessons regarding the social construction related to policy problems, while instrumental learning is about the viability of the implementation designs or policy instrument (May, 1992). Through the learning process, public administrators can come of theories summarizing the ideas and theories that are important in the policy process. Pralle (2006) concurs with May (1992) by reinforcing the fact that policy principles are guidelines, beliefs, and core values that play a significant role in directing the policy making process. Consequently, the policymakers’ and the public’s emergence and reception of new principles can be an indispensable source of policy change. The policy learning process can provide information about these policy principles. Aside from this, the policy process can lead to the formulation of informed and effective policies. Nonetheless, the contradictory
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