From the Treaty of Versailles, to the rise of Hitler, and the failure of the League of Nations, there were many causes that lead up to World War II. World War I left Germany with many shortfalls, thus leaving them in the hands of the Treaty of Versailles. Rather unfair of a Treaty, this left Germany once again looking for another way out. A country resented by many had no other choice but to feel optimistic toward Adolph Hitlers empty promises… making it substantially simple for him to gain power so quick. Throw in the Great Depression, and you have a vastly unstable world, which the Germans believed Hitler would lead them out of.
World War I was caused by the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria in June 1914. However, World War II was caused by the political and economic instability in Germany, along with the bad conditions of the Treaty of Versailles . When the treaty of Versailles was put into affect, Germany acknowledged responsibility for the war, which also meant agreeing to pay enormous amounts of money for war reparations and losing land/territory to those who
The world was plunging into World War II in 1939 because the league of nations did not accept the appeasement. Chamberlain suggested appeasement because he believed ¨good will and determination¨could solve differences among countries peacefully. Chamberlain said ¨They could not fight to save Czechoslovakia because it is too small of a country.¨ Hitler was going to keep on expanding and and it would get to a point to where no one would be able to stop hitler from expanding. The most effective response to aggression of nations would be collective security because shocked by the will to be taking some military actions when necessary. This was proved to be affected by many people, this gave the allies buying time to make preparations for war. This
Factors Which Lead to a Policy of Appeasement in Britain In the period 1931-38, there were several reasons that the policy of 'appeasement' was taken up by the British government. There were both long and short-term reasons that contributed. The most important, I
After the Great War, Germany and a couple other countries were greatly punished, having to pay reparations and territorial losses. Hitler, soon to be a dictator, wanted to change that. He believed that Germany had been punished too severely and wanted revenge; because he had such a strong government and military, there were many ways of going about stopping him. During the 1930’s, the policy of appeasement was the most effective response to Hitler’s aggression because of many reason but mainly that it keep peace and didn’t start war, the people did not support the war, and because the British needed more time to prepare for war.
The main cause of World War II was the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles was signed to make peace after World War 1, and the War Guilt Cause stated that Germany was the cause of the war so they needed to pay off all of their debts. Germany lost plenty of land because of the treaty. This made life hard for Germans because they needed to find a new place to live and they lost a lot of money. Germany had lost this land because of the treaty; this made Hitler suggest that they should fight to get back what they lost(Doc A).
The main reasons behind world war 2 World were land,fascism,and natural resources. World war 2 started off between Germany,Britain,France,Italy,and the Soviet Union later joined by America and Japan. World war 2 started September 2,1939 to September 2,1945 and was the most deadliest war in history with more than 30 countries resulting in more than 50 million military and civilian deaths. One main reason was land. After world war 1 Germany lost some of their land for war costs and it was used to make new countries. When Hitler came into office, he said he would get it back so Germany conquered Austria, Sudentanland, and started on Poland when Britain and France declared war. H-Hitler used his idea as dictator to take back land lost in world
There were long term and short term causes of WWI. While the long term causes made war inevitable, the short term causes provided the spark that started the war. The first long term cause was the rise of nationalism. This was a general rise in pride for your country, and the belief that your country is better than anybody else’s. Many of the other causes of war contributed to the rise of nationalism, including imperialism, militarism, and the industrial revolution. Confederations of states that would eventually link up like Italy and Germany finally unified as one country. Instead of being split up, they were one force. Part of nationalism was militarism, because one of the ideal things to build up as a country is your military. Just think
Appeasement may be regarded as a philosophy of the maintenance of peace; in political terms it refers to policy of conciliation with a potential aggressor, often with implications of sacrifice of principles (Oxford Dictionary). The policy of appeasement is one in which both Britain and France and many other nations took towards Nazi Germany and its expansionist aims during the late 1930s, it is one of the most controversial and criticized foreign policies in history (Gelernter D 2002:22). This paper argues that the appeasement policy was for most nations around the world in the 1930s a less challenging way to deal with the problem of Hitler. Nowadays it is a common view that if Britain and France would have taken a harder line against the
Britain in the 1930s followed a policy of appeasement to retain peace between countries and stop the fascist powers of Italy and Germany causing disruption. There is a subsequent amount of evidence to suggest the policy of appeasement was a failure due to events including the Abyssinian Crisis, the Reoccupation of the Rhineland, The Anglo-German Naval Agreement, the Spanish Civil War and the Anschluss. Although it can also be argued that Britain had some success with preventing the fascist powers making appeasement successful.
One genre of events that caused World War 2 are the economic events. One economic cause is that there was a depression that caused the creation of strict economic blocks to protect their businesses and raw materials. Another economic event that occurred was the recession that Germany was in. This was when the Central Powers lost World War 1, so the Allies punished them with the Treaty of Versailles. The Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to pay a large amount of money to repair what they ruined after the war, which caused the recession, and only someone like Hitler could get them out of the trouble they got in. One reason World War Two was caused is economic events.
Appeasement can be sighted to the 20th Century as a controversial foreign policy. Appeasement literally means to pacify or conciliate (Hallock, Stephanie, The World in the 20th Century, 06-05-2016, p 82). It is also defined by the words of Chamberlain in September 1938, “As long as a war has not begun there is always hope that it may be prevented and you know that I am going to work for peace to the last moment” (Hallock, Stephanie, The World in the 20th Century, 06-05-2016, p 82). The words summarize the core of the ideas and thoughts behind appeasement. Although rooted in good intentions, appeasement sparked controversy in the 20th Century due to its effects on the Treaty of Versailles and political stance.
The British and French policy of appeasement in the 1930s towards Adolf Hitler and Germany is historically viewed as a feeble attempt to avoid war. In their essay, Wishful Thinking or Buying Time? The Logic of British Appeasement in the 1930s, Norrin M. Rispsman and Jack S. Levy analyze appeasement purely as a tool of statecraft, and not under what circumstances appeasement can be a successful policy. They argue that appeasement is not only used to reduce the possibility of war with an adversary, but it can be used to conserve resources against a more immediate threat, isolate an adversary, or to buy off time to build up a deterrence against that adversary (151). Delving beyond the typology of appeasement, they analyze historical British documents
Another cause of the war was the fact that many of the countries had signed secret alliances. Germany had created a secret alliance with Austria-Hungary, so when Austria declared war on Serbia. Serbia had a secret alliance with Russia so when Russia joined the war so did Germany. The alliance was a way of saying that if one country went into combat the other country was obligated to help them in war. Soon enough the war broke out with Germany, Austria-Hungary, Serbia, and