Policy Solutions for Jobless Poverty Essay

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In the report A New Form of Social Dislocation in the Inner-City Ghetto, William Julius Wilson analyzes three research studies conducted in Chicago between 1986 and 1993. In these studies, Wilson identifies a new type of poverty, which he coins jobless poverty. Jobless poverty represents the growing number communities that are compromised of a high percentage of unemployed individuals. These communities have the same recurrent themes of isolation in inner-city ghettos where the surrounding area is abandon, desolate or deserted of economic opportunities and community benefits. In contrast to living in employed poverty or unemployed poverty in neighborhoods of high employment, jobless poverty causes negative effects that lead to…show more content…
The negative effects are on routine and discipline, marriage and the family, and the social composition of neighborhoods. From these effects a cycle of jobless poverty is created, which prevents the positive social progress of their education, family relationships, and community area. The first negative effect is on routine and discipline. Work in the formal economy is characterized by greater regularity and consistency in schedules and hours and therefore requires more discipline. Work in the formal economy determines where you are going to be and when you are going to be there. The absence of work in the formal economy therefore hinders planning in daily life. The inability to predict when the next paycheck is coming or whether you will be unemployed or busy in the upcoming weeks make it difficult to plan for the future. Both the parents and children are adversely affected from the lack of routine and discipline. Children growing up in households that do not have a family member with consistent employment in the formal economy fail to develop the discipline habits associated with steady or stable employment (Wilson 161). These habits include the attachment to a routine, recognition of hierarchy, a sense of personal efficacy through the routine management of financial affairs, and the association of personal and material rewards with dependability and responsibility. The lack of these habits continues to negatively influence the children in school where they
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