Policy Transfer And The European Union : Judicial Reforms And Combating Organized Crime And Corruption

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Policy transfer to Bulgaria and Romania in connection to their accession to the European Union: Judicial reforms and combating organized crime and corruption

As one of the most influential transnational organizations, the European Union is very strict towards candidate countries which aim to join it and they are required to meet vast range of criteria. In some cases, even after the approval and accession of a particular country, there are still systems to be reshaped and areas to be reformed which is being closely monitored by the European Union and reports are made on the progress of the respective state. The example which will be taken into consideration is the one of Bulgaria and Romania, as two of the more recent European Union members. Particular attention will be paid to judicial reforms, fighting organized crime and corruption. “Since the EU has no “European” models to offer, it has relied upon the models in old member States. The entrepreneurial strategies of such states have been a key factor in the process of policy transfer toward Central and Eastern European countries”. (Piana, 2007) In the case of Bulgaria and Romania, the French model was used, as the French catalogue of courses offered to judges and prosecutors was imitated in Bulgaria and Romania. An analysis of the process, shows that “even if the French catalogue of courses has been almost entirely imitated, the French organizational model has been imitated only where (1) a domestic actor has been able to

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