Polio Or Poliomyelitis : An Infectious Disease That Is Caused By The Poliovirus

Decent Essays
Polio or poliomyelitis is an infectious disease that is caused by the poliovirus. The poliovirus is a virus that only infects humans and it lives in a person’s throat, intestines and feces. The etiological factors that are associated with polio are feces containing the virus, food and water contaminated by fecal matter with the disease, and through the sneeze or cough of an infected individual. The primary form of contracting polio is through fecal-oral transmission. A person can have feces on their hand and can touch objects, that babies can put in their mouth, or can touch other human beings, where the individual being touched may touch their mouth, overall spreading the disease. This infectious disease is categorized by several symptoms, which include: fever, sore throat, headache, fatigue, neck pain, back pain, muscle weakness, meningitis, and vomiting. However, these symptoms only appear in the type of polio that doesn 't lead to paralysis and death, non paralytic polio or abortive polio. These symptoms usually last for one to ten days. The most severe type of polio infection is one that leads to paralytic polio. Paralytic polio can be classified in three ways: spinal polio, in which the spine is the affected body part, bulbar polio, in which the brain is affected by the virus, or bulbospinal polio, which affects both the brain and the spinal cord. Symptoms of paralytic polio include: paralysis, loss of reflexes, and severe muscle aches or weakness. Ultimately
Get Access