Politeness Theory and Its Application in Arabic

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Introduction People have different ways to express politeness and they usually use a range of different linguistic expressions to do so, depending on the relationship with the addressee. This research will explain Browns and Levinson’s politeness theory and will recognize how universal this theory is and weather it can be applied on Japanese language taking into account the difference in cultures. Brown and Levinson’s theory of Politeness and how it applies in Arabic: Brown and Levinson`s theory is mainly based on three principle notions: face, face threatening act (FTA), and politeness strategies (Bowe & Martin 2009, p. 27). Brown and Levinson’s concept of face was derived from Goffman (1972 p.5): “The term face may be defined as…show more content…
The seriousness of the (FTA) can be evaluated or measured through these three factors: (Holmes 2006, p. 687). That means people tend to avoid any arguments, try to respect other’s thoughts, and maintain a pleasant relationship with other people by implementing politeness strategies in the conversations. This can happen for example by softening a request to match the addresser and the addressees’ needs can save the positive or the negative face of both interactants as face can be lost, preserved, or enhanced and that can be monitored in the conversation (Bowe & Martin, 2007, p. 28) Japanese politeness: Japanese people are mainly shy and they are also private, for the Japanese society privacy is very important and it is considered as one of the main feature for their society, we can see that from the designs of the windows in the houses so no one can look at them, also asking plenty question is considered rude in the society.(Coulmas, 2005) Parents in the Japanese society do not talk or practice their passion and love in front of their children and the adults do not talk and they do not like to be asked about their private life. Japanese people tend not to socialised with strangers if they did not have to. It is also used to show social closeness or matching in power It is a quite society in general. (Coulmas, 2005) The honorific system in Japan is considered very broad, it includes

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