Political And Economic Similarities And Differences Of The Ottoman And Tokugawa Japan

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During the sixteenth century, both the Ottoman and Tokugawa Japanese empires had political and economic similarities and differences. Politically, these empires were alike because both had centralized bureaucracy but different because they had very distinct ways of keeping order within their empires. Economically, they were similar because both depended on trade yet different because of their willingness to trade. After close analysis the Tokugawa Japanese empire was more successful economically.
Politically the Ottoman empire and Tokugawa Japanese empire were similar because each of them established a central bureaucracy as the head of their government to help maintain a stable yet effective way of running their empires. In the Ottoman empire, the supreme authority was the sultan who controlled political and military operations. While the grand vizier, also known as the chief minister carried the main burden of the state. As the empire started to expand, the status and prestige of the sultan increased and a centralized administration system was adopted to help maintain order. The sultan controlled his bureaucracy through an imperial council that met four days a week. The grand vizier led the council meetings, for which the sultan sat behind a screen overhearing the proceedings and then privately indicated his desires to the grand vizier. In summary in the Ottoman the supreme authority was the sultan while the grand vizier carried out the desires of the sultan and
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