Political Dynamics Of Japan And Japan

1311 Words Dec 21st, 2015 6 Pages
Topic #11: Political Dynamics of Japan
The party politics of Japan, which is characterized by the dominance of the LDP close to “One-and-a-half Party System,” has two peculiar aspects. First, none of the parties, including the LDP, is truly mass political movements. Even the LDP, Japan’s largest party, has a membership of one million, slightly more than 1% of the population. Second, all major parties, due to their factional intra-party politics, are unstable and internally disunited. Japan’s “1.5 Party System” began with the merger between two conservative parties, the Liberal Party and Democratic Party and continued until 1993.
Fully understand the dominance of the LDP over the Japanese politics, which sets Japan apart from Western democracies, requires a sociological analysis is needed. To begin with, the composition Japanese society in terms of the political spectrum is favorable to conservatives. In spite of its larger size, the middle sector – a broad umbrella union of small entrepreneurs, land owners, craftsmen, school teachers, urban white collar workers and professionals – is politically unorganized and disunited. The leftists, mainly comprised of unionized workers and lower class citizens, are politically weak and marginalized by the conservative politicians and bureaucracy. On the contrary, the right sector, mainly postwar power elites consisting of zaikai (big businesses), top-level bureaucrats and the LDP politicians as well as farmers in rural areas, is…
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