Political Instability In Latin America

Decent Essays
Latin America during the post WWI interwar period was in a situation of profound political instability fostered a political situation that in the eyes of international observers appeared to be greatly influences by Ideological fascism. Questions raised by historians like Ciccarelli
and Hancock pose a powerful challenge to previous assumptions made by some within the international community. The two articles refocus the debate by shedding new light on the political realities of the time, and shows that the political instability existent in Bolivia and Peru created a political reality that on the surface had some fascistic appearences, but in practicality the mass of Latin Americans were steadfast in their commitment to Liberal Democracy. Ciccarelli…show more content…
By the time Benavides took office the Peruvian economy was in tatters exports were down, imports were down, and government resources were at a minimum. The APRA had a lock on the left and the center, and the UR had the political right secured. To make matters worse Peruvian elites were divided into an array of camps and feared radical reforms and revolution (Cicarelli, 411). To no avail, Benavides attempted to gain support from the right. In need of military supplies during the Leticia Conflict caused Benavides to utilize his ties with…show more content…
On the one hand, to outside observers the actions by Benavides and Sailes appears to represent fascistic tendencies, but when one considers the public reaction to the situation in Bolivia, and the actual actions of Benavides in Peru it is evident that in both cases there was a steadfast support for democracy. After the Council granted Sailes another term student demonstrations ensued, which ended in repression. Shortly after that there was a cadet uprising, which ended in the spilling of more blood. Eventually, however, the Council and Kundt resigned and there was a return to democratic elections.
The case in Peru is further exemplifies Latin American support of democratic values. Even though Benavides had expressed fascistic sympathy to Italian foreign ministers privately, publically his slogan was “neither communism nor fascism (Cicarelli, 419).” Later Foreign minister also commented on the situation in Peru, stating that fascism would not be possible in the current situation due to the persistent exploitation by Peruvian elites (Cicarelli, 420). Furthermore, he also makes clear that even eliet acceptance of fascism was only rhetorical in order to remain or to gain power (cicarelli,
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