Political Parties: Party Identification

1773 WordsJul 7, 20188 Pages
Party identification is the political party that an individual categorizes them self with. Political parties came about as a way to organize citizens with similar beliefs and attitudes. These parties then attempt to influence the government by electing members into office. Today there are two main parties people can identify: Republican and Democrat. There is also a third choice, being an Independent, but for the purpose of this paper this group will not be recognized as a political party. These reasons will be discussed later. There are many different theories as to why people do or do not identify with a political party, including social psychology, issue related, and psychological attachments. I believe the social psychology…show more content…
When looking at this you can take one of two approaches. First, you can agree that each theory is one of its own. Second, you can examine the theories and find a common theme in their beginnings. The question becomes is there a gap in the theories or are we blind to the similarities of their fundamentals? The first area observed was social psychological. Social psychology is the scientific study of human social behavior (Hogg & Abrams, 1988). The social identity theory is the fundamental theory developed from this approach. Social identity is defined as 'the individual's knowledge that he belongs to certain social groups together with some emotional and value significance to him of the group membership' (Hogg, 2001). A social group or organization is two or more people who share a common social identity and recognize themselves as members of this group. This theory allows you to takes yourself and classify it in relation to social categories; this takes place through a process of social comparison. This process is when group members compare themselves to other group members and to non group members. This process is a large reason for discrimination between group members and non group members. Discrimination causes people to emphasize positive similarities between themselves and other members of their group while causing emphasis on negative differences between
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