Political Realism Essay examples

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People’s ideas and assumptions about world politics shape and construct the theories that help explain world conflicts and events. These assumptions can be classified into various known theoretical perspectives; the most dominant is political realism. Political realism is the most common theoretical approach when it is in means of foreign policy and international issues. It is known as “realpolitik” and emphasis that the most important actor in global politics is the state, which pursues self-interests, security, and growing power (Ray and Kaarbo 3). Realists generally suggest that interstate cooperation is severely limited by each state’s need to guarantee its own security in a global condition of anarchy. Political realist view…show more content…
The declining use of military force is the questionable aspect of this perspective because throughout the years it has been demonstrated that this is not true. Military engagements in the nations states continue to be a problem and a violation to the state’s sovereignty established by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. Although both of these theoretical perspectives have their flaws, they can both be used to analyze current issues of today, thus establishing different interpretations for the same events, such as the oil crisis, global warming, and the most recent issue the occupy movements. To begin with, one of the issues in today’s society that has remained a dilemma for many years has been the oil crisis. The oil crisis is the problems where the major industrial countries of the world, particularly the United States, faced substantial shortages of petroleum. As mentioned in Maxine’s presentation in my Pols-311 class, the two worst crises of oil have been the 1973 oil crisis, caused by the Arab Oil Embargo of OAPEC, and the 1979 energy crisis, caused by the Iranian Revolution. The issue of the oil crisis has lead many nations to seek petroleum by violating states sovereignty and using the military in many occasions to do so. It has also lead nations like the United States to military support monarchies and dictatorships that would allow the United States to
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