Political Realism in Morgenthau's Six Points

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Deviations from a coherent system of irrationality: Political Realism in Morgenthau's Six Points Hans Morgenthau set out to "present a theory of international politics" (1948, revised 1985, p. 3) which would be tested by its empiricism and "ruthless pragmatism" (Snyder, 2004, p. 3). This essay identifies Morgenthau's definition of scope, purpose and concepts underlying a theoretical structure initially set out in six points in Politics Among Nations, identifies the structure holding these components together into a coherent "realist theory of international politics" (Morgenthau, 1985 p. 3) and discusses some of the controversy Morgenthau's proposals have engendered. Morgenthau's empirical pragmatism ultimately reduces to 'prudence,' which produces moral political decisions, ethics of which are different for the state than for individuals. Ever the empiricist, Morgenthau derived this from history rather than inventing such a theory wholesale. The inherent location of this drive to interest through power sets off what is now called "classical" realism from "structural realism" where institutional forces drive the will to power rather than innate human tendencies as in Morgenthau et al. (Mearsheimer, 2006, p. 71). Taliaferro (2006) sets classical realism off from neoclassical and modern neorealism in that Morgenthau's original perspective focused more from the point of view of the state acting on its perceived interests, while the offspring paradigms approach the balance of

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