Political Relations Between Humans And Their Government

1426 WordsApr 26, 20156 Pages
Political theorists emphasize the relationship between humans and their government when examining possible forms of society, for this is the most crucial element of political structure. In nearly every theorized society, humans empower their government, which in turn benefit them. How humans empower their government and the benefits received is where philosophers often differ. For example, Aristotle believes the purpose of politics is to better the lives of the citizens. Their lives are bettered partially through the individual participation of the citizens as through citizens sharing in the administration of justice and the holding of public office. Political involvement is a privilege of citizens, who are free from the necessary tasks of lives like manual laborers. Politics is dependent on good citizenry, which is achieved by upholding a constitution that the collective has approved. Conversely, Hobbes focuses on the protection of his citizens as a purpose of government. As powerful as some men may be, power united is the greatest power according to Hobbes. The belief in unified power is much of the driving force behind Hobbes’ Leviathan and as his purpose for politics. Despite the differences between the two philosophers proposed purpose of politics, both purposes come from the philosophers’ view of the components of society. As the most basic unit of society, human natures drive the purpose of politics in both Hobbes’ and Locke’s forms of government. In order to
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