Political Scenario in India

2744 Words Jan 16th, 2013 11 Pages
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

India is heading for the 2014 General Election, which will decide which party is going to get the clear majority in the Parliament. As a part of preparation for the big political battle, all the parties seem to be ready with their campaigning strategy and issues.
The recently rally by Congress in New Delhi and JD(U) in Patna are the best set example that parties have already geared up for the battle 2014. There are many issues like corruption, inflation, subsidies on LPG, and hike in Petrol prices – which could put voters in puzzles to decide their right candidates to send to the Parliament.

The year 2012 was full high voltage political activities, since the beginning of the year the ‘Jan Lokpal Bill’ has been in the
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The national government has the power to dismiss state governments under specific constitutional clauses or in case no majority party or coalition is able to form a government. The central government can also impose direct federal rule known as president's rule (or central rule). Locally, the Panchayati Raj system has several administrative functions and authorities.
For most of the years since independence, the federal government has been guided by the Indian National Congress (INC). The two largest political parties have been the INC and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Although the two parties have dominated Indian politics, regional parties also exist. From 1950 to 1990, barring two brief periods, the INC enjoyed a parliamentary majority. The INC was out of power between 1977 and 1980, when the Janata Party won the election due to public discontent with the corruption (promulgation of Emergency with stringent forces) of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. In 1989, a Janata Dal-led National Front coalition, in alliance with the Left Front coalition, won the elections but managed to stay in power for only two years.





Central and State Governments
The central government exercises its broad administrative powers in the name of the President, whose duties are largely ceremonial. The president and vice president are elected indirectly for 5-year terms by a special electoral…