Politics And International Relations Undergraduate Assessment

1897 WordsNov 11, 20168 Pages
University of Southampton Politics and International Relations Undergraduate Assessment Student ID: 28372611 PAIR 1002 Political Systems DUE: 11th November 2016 In comparison to other types of authoritarian regimes, military regimes are less likely to survive. A military regime, alongside monarchical, personalist and single party regimes, is a classification of an authoritarian regime. The regime is organised by a group of officers who decider a ruling mechanism and exercise some influence on governmental policy (Geddes, 1999, p.125). Authoritarian regimes arise through the eradication of an elected government and the majority party, through a coup or a military intervention. Survival of authoritarian regimes has become increasingly more difficult because of a developing democratic world which has now reached the ‘third wave of democratization’ (Huntington, 1991). All types of regime are vulnerable to collapse but the military regime is especially vulnerable as the institutional costs often counterbalance the benefits (Nordlinger, 1977). Thus, the longevity of a military regime is far shorter than that of either personalist or one-party regimes. The reasons as to why military regimes struggle to survive for lengthy periods of time can be explained through; the corporate interest of the regime, the benefits obtained from the regime during power or implementation, the vulnerability of the regime during power and the consequences that would emerge if the regime dissolved.

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