Politics

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‘THE FIRST PAST THE POST SYSTEM USED IN ELECTIONS TO THE WESTMINSTER PARLIAMENT SHOULD BE REPLACED WITH A MORE PROPORTIONAL SYSTEM. DISCUSS’ The UK General Elections currently uses the first past the post system as a means of voting in government. Over the years this form of electing government has come under scrutiny and many have questioned whether or not this electoral system is proportional and whether there should be an electoral reform for a more proportional voting system. Under first past the post, the voter puts a cross on the ballot paper, under their preferred candidate; the candidate with the majority of votes wins government. Those in favour of the FPTP system argue that it provides a strong government in that, the…show more content…
Under STV, candidates are elected in if they achieve a quota of votes. The quota is calculated as follows: total number of votes cast divided by number of seats filled(+1). First preference votes are counted first, followed by the second preference and so on. The candidate with the least votes is eliminated and votes are redistributed to the other candidates, meaning no votes are wasted. Those in favour of this system argue that it is favourable because there are no safe seats under this system, meaning candidates must campaign everywhere not just for marginal seats thus tackling the problem of geographically concentrated constituencies. However the process in which counting votes takes place is longer than that of the FPTP system meaning the winner may not be declared straight away. Albeit a way to challenge this is through electronic ballot paper scanners. Finally, Under the Party List system, there are two different types; Open List and Closed List. With the open list, voters choose an individual candidate from the list of parties and the candidate with the popular vote wins. Whereas, with the closed list , voters only vote for political parties and have no influence over which candidate is elected. Those in favour of this system argue that it is potentially the “purest” form of proportional representation in that every vote has equal value, making it fair for all parties. Those that oppose this view would argue that the existence of

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